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Glossary beginning with B

Select the first letter of the term you're looking for from above to begin.
B.L. search for term

Blue Line

Back Lighting search for term

Light coming from behind a subject.

Back Primed search for term

When a coat of paint is applied to the back of woodwork or exterior siding in order to prevent moisture buildup.

Background search for term

The part of a scene that appears furthest from the audience.

Badger Hair search for term

A type of hair that comes from all across the world and is more abundant than most animal hairs. Thickest at the point and relatively thin at the root, badger hair brushes have a distinctively bushy appearance that is traditionally used to blend oil and acrylic paint.

Baking search for term

The process of applying heat to a finish to speed the cure or dry time.

Balance search for term

Refers to the way the objects in a composition are arranged in the work. Some sections are described as having a lot of weight or dominance in the frame. These sections can then be arranged visually so that they appear to be either balanced or out of balance. Balance can be symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial.

Ball Mill search for term

A cylindrical vessel that contains steel balls and is used in the grinding of pigments for coatings.

Ballpoint search for term

A type of pen that dispenses ink from an internal reservoir through the rolling action of a metal ball at its point.

Bamboo Brush search for term

A natural hair brush used mostly for calligraphy, ink, or watercolor for its expressive and free-flowing strokes.

Bamboo Pen search for term

A pen made from real bamboo. Can be double-sided with two sizes of points. Good for large, expressive strokes and quick studies, but not for detail work.

Banker search for term

A wooden workbench which sculptors use to support work being modeled. Sometimes includes a turntable on top for easy rotation of the work.

Bare Substrate search for term

Any material that does not have a coating of paint or primer upon it.

Baren search for term

A small, flat pad used to impress a print from a wood block.

Barrier Coat search for term

A coating used to isolate a coating system from the surface to which it is applied or from a previous coating.

Baryta search for term

Barium hydroxide. A chemical compound that is corrosive and toxic; use care and follow all recommended instructions when using this material.

Basecoat search for term

A highly pigmented color which requires a coating of clear for protection, durability, and gloss.

Basecoat/Clearcoat System search for term

A two-stage finish consisting of a highly pigmented color coat and a clearcoat.

Basecoater search for term

A large, flat brush designed to hold maximum amounts of color and cover large areas easily.

Batch Card search for term

The record of the ingredients used in the manufacture of a given batch of paint or any other coating material.

Batik search for term

An Indonesian method of dyeing cloth that involves the use of wax to repel or resist the dye on parts of the design where it is not desired.

Batik Stamp search for term

A stamp, usually copper or foam, that is used to press a design into the wax resist used for batik.

Beader search for term

A punch with a hollow end used to leave a dotted impression on metal surfaces.

Benzene search for term

A toxic, flammable hydrocarbon used as a solvent, a rubber cement thinner, or a cleaning agent for photographs.

Bevel search for term

The meeting of two lines or surfaces at any angle other than 90°.

Bevel Square search for term

An instrument which is formed by two rules joined as adjustable arms to measure or draw angles of any size.

Bezel search for term

A bevel on the edge of a cutting tool, such as a chisel.

Bi-Fold search for term

A door that is hinged along the verticle centerline and folds together when opened.

Bias search for term

A line set diagonal to the grain of a fabric (a 45° angle), often utilized in cutting, folding, or arranging fabrics.

Binary Color search for term

Colors made by mixing even amounts of two primary colors. Examples are orange, green, and purple.

Binder search for term

An object that mechanically attaches other objects together, or the liquid portion of a paint that attaches the pigment particles to the medium.

Binders Needles search for term

Extra long needles with wider openings that are designed for use in the bookbinding process.

Binding search for term

A strong covering holding the pages of a book together, or a mechanical device that fixes two objects together.

Biscuit search for term

Clay that has been fired once, but not glazed. In woodworking, a small round cut-out of wood used similarly to a dowel to accompany adhesive in holding two pieces of wood together.

Bisque search for term

Clay that has been fired once, but not glazed.

Bistre search for term

A pigment that is a shade of brown made from soot. Generally a dark grayish brown with a slight yellowish tinge.

Bite search for term

Refers to either the action of a mordant in etching, or to the tooth of a paper.

BL search for term

Blue Line

Black Board search for term

A large board with a smooth, dark surface that is commonly attached to a wall or supported on an easel and used for writing on with chalk. Especially common with school teachers. Some forms of paint exist which recreate this texture.

Black Silicone-Carbine search for term

A material used for sandpaper that is made with a water-resistant glue to attach the abrasives to the paper. Often referred to as "wet-or-dry" sandpaper because it can be used with a water, oil lubricant, or no lubricant at all.

Blackboard search for term

A large board with a smooth, dark surface that is commonly attached to a wall or supported on an easel and used for writing on with chalk. Especially common with school teachers. Some forms of paint exist which recreate this texture.

Blanket search for term

A felt or foam rubber pad used between the paper and the roller on an intaglio press.

Bleed search for term

Bleeding occurs when a darker color pigment seeps through a lighter color material, usually undesirably.

Bleed-Proof search for term

Inks and paints that will not seep through when wet with water.

Bleeding search for term

Bleeding occurs when a darker color pigment seeps through a lighter color material, usually undesirably.

Blender search for term

A brush designed specifically for blending two or more colors together.

Blending search for term

To combine two or more colors together.

Blistering search for term

Formation of dome-shaped projections in paints or varnish films that result from the local loss of adhesion and lifting in the film from the underlying surface.

Block Out search for term

To cover an area with tusche, shellac, stencil, frisket, etc. Sometimes specifically refers to a type of resist.

Block Printing search for term

A printing technique in which a block of wood, linoleum, or other material is carved so that an image can be printed from it onto another support. Also the name for the block of material used in such a technique.

Blocking In search for term

An initial layout for a picture or work of art in which line, color, and tone are established.

Bloom search for term

A fine, cloudy discoloration which forms commonly on the surface of varnish, melted wax, or concrete casts.

Blot search for term

A spot or stain, or the act of creating a spot or stain. In painting, blotting is a means of removing excess paint, and is an important technique in watercolor painting.

Blotting Paper search for term

Sometimes called bibulous paper; a highly absorbent type of paper used to pick up an excess of liquid substances, such as ink or oil.

Blue Pencil search for term

A pencil used to mark artwork and photographs because it does not transfer onto some types of photographic film that are insensitive to the color blue.

Bluing search for term

Applying a colorful blue patina to the surface of a metal by applying concentrated heat from a torch until the oxidized metal has a slight blue tinge.

Blushing search for term

A milky appearance of a topcoat caused by high humidity where water condenses on or in the wet coating. This can be eliminated through the use of heat, a slower solvent, or a retarder.

Boasting search for term

Dressing or shaping the surface of a block with a broad chisel.

Body Color search for term

Heavy, opaque paint, such as gouache, that has the covering power to completely eliminate any underlying colors.

Body Filler search for term

A polyester-like material used on bare substrate to fill dents in damaged auto-body parts.

Boiled Oil search for term

Linseed or soya oil heated to reduce drying time.

Bole search for term

A clay used as a preparatory undercoat for gold leaf.

Bolt search for term

A continuous roll of wallpaper equivalent to two or more single rolls, but packaged together.

Bond Paper search for term

A good quality drawing and sketching paper.

Bone Folder search for term

A dull edged tool that is used to fold and crease materials such as paper, card stock, or textiles. Is often made of real bone, although synthetic versions do exist.

Bouchard search for term

A steel stone-carving tool with a large, brick-like head with two striking ends, both covered with rows of angled metal points. These tools are used to distress the surface of a stone by breaking down the outer rock surface in small amounts.

Bounce Back search for term

The rebound of atomized paint, especially when applied by an air sprayer.

Boxing search for term

Mixing paint by pouring from one container to another several times to ensure a thorough mix.

Bozzetto search for term

A small-scale model to prepare for a full-scale work.

Brad search for term

A thin nail with a small head. Used for a surface finish where the nail will be hidden.

Braze search for term

To join two pieces of metal by heating and using a high-melting-point solder such as copper, zinc, or brass.

Brazen search for term

Made of or like brass.

Breathing search for term

The expansion and contraction of a support in response to the atmosphere, or the ability of a material to allow moisture to pass through it without blistering, cracking, peeling, or swelling.

Bridge search for term

A packet of swatches that contain all of the colors in a select company's product line, or a long, wooden stick used by painters and illustrators as a tool to support and steady the hand that holds the brush, conserving arm strength and reducing the possibility of smudging.

Bridging search for term

Happens when a primer or surfacer does not totally fill a scratch or imperfection and it shows through the topcoat, or the ability of a paint to span small gaps or cracks.

Bright search for term

Typically refers to an object with a high amount of luminence or color, but can also refer to a type of brush that is short and flat with a long handle.

Brilliance search for term

The brightness of a richly hued color. A color is brilliant when it has both high lightness and strong saturation.

Brilliant search for term

The brightness of a richly hued color. A color is brilliant when it has both high lightness and strong saturation.

Brindled search for term

Streaked or spotted with a darker color.

Bristle search for term

A short, stiff hair, typically one from an animal's skin that is used in paintbrushes for their tendency to hold large amounts of water or paint.

Bristol search for term

A sturdy drawing surface used for many types of artwork. Available in different finishes and can be used on both sides.

Brittle search for term

Lacking flexiblity.

Broad search for term

Large, flat, and wide in quality. Also refers to a type of brush that makes a similar style brushstroke.

Broom Finish search for term

A texture created when a concrete surface is stroked with a stiff broom while it is still curing.

Brunaille search for term

A painting technique in which the painting is executed entirely in shades of brown.

Brush Cleaner search for term

Any of a number of compounds used to clean oil, acrylic, lacquer, or any other medium from an artists' brushes. May also refer to a vessal used for cleaning brushes, sometimes called a brush washer.

Brush Marks search for term

Marks of a brush that still remain after the paint has dried into a film.

Brush Pen search for term

Pens that have marker qualities and tips that are sharply pointed, but are flexible enough to bend.

Brush Roll-Up search for term

A storage container with various pockets in it that is designed to hold various watercolor, oil, or acrylic paint brushes. Can be made of any textile or fiber that bends and rolls up, such as bamboo.

Brush Strokes search for term

The result of applying a loaded brush to a support.

Brush Washer search for term

A vessel or holder used for cleaning brushes.

Brush-Out search for term

A technique where a small sample of paint is applied onto a slab of wood or other material so that this sample can be seen in the actual lighting conditions it will be applied. This ensures that the colors that are chosen look the way in which they are intended.

Brushability search for term

The ease with which a particular paint can be applied.

Brushstroke search for term

The result of applying a loaded brush to a support.

Brushstrokes search for term

The result of applying a loaded brush to a support.

Brushwork search for term

The specific characteristics of each artist's use of brushstrokes to apply paint.

Buckle search for term

To bend and give way under pressure or strain

Buckling search for term

To bend and give way under pressure or strain

Buffer search for term

Substance that restrains acid migration, or the act of using such a material this way. Acid-free papers are often used as buffers in the matting, framing, displaying, and storing of art objects.

Buffered search for term

Treated with a chemical buffer, usually to lessen or moderate the harshness or impact of what is going to be used on top of it.

Buffing search for term

Using a mild abrasive to bring out gloss and remove texture in a topcoat.

Bun-chin search for term

A paperweight used in Japanese painting and calligraphy.

Burin search for term

A tool used in engraving metal plates and in carving stones that has a knobby, wooden handle and a sharp metal rod with a beveled point.

Burn Through search for term

Polishing or buffing a color so long that the underlying coat shows through.

Burnished search for term

A surface, usually a metal, that is deformed and smeared due to rubbing friction from another object. Burnishing will usually make a rougher texture much smoother and shinier, though it can sometimes fog certain types of metal. In drawing, burnishing is applying a different color of colored pencil over a previously applied surface in an attempt to blend them together.

Burnisher search for term

A tool with a hard, rounded surface used for smoothing and polishing in metal work, ceramics, and gilding. Typically a metal or stone such as agate is held in place by a ferrule attached to a wooden handle.

Burr search for term

A rough edge or ridge left on an object, or to form a rough edge or ridge.

Bush Hammer search for term

A steel stone-carving tool with a large, brick-like head with two striking ends, both covered with rows of angled metal points. These tools are used to distress the surface of a stone by breaking down the outer rock surface in small amounts.

Bust search for term

A portrait sculpture of a person's head, neck, shoulders, and sometimes upper chest and arms.

Bust Peg search for term

The support upon which a sculpture is modeled.

Butadiene search for term

A gas which is chemically combined with styrene to create a resin used in latex binders.

Butcher Paper search for term

A type of paper with a fairly hard working surface wherein one side is slightly smoother than the other. Available in various colors, this paper is useful for collages, large drawings and paintings, and various other paper arts.

Butcher's Tray search for term

An enameled white tray used as a palette for watercolor and acrylic paints.