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Glossary beginning with D

Select the first letter of the term you're looking for from above to begin.
D.O.I. search for term

How clear a finish reflects an image.

Dabber search for term

A soft pad that holds the wax ground. Used in etching.

Dagger search for term

A style of pinstriping brush with long hairs that taper toward the bottom.

Damar search for term

A resin from conifer trees used in making oil mediums and varnishes.

Dark search for term

A color having low lightness and low saturation that reflects only a small fraction of light spilled upon it.

Darkroom search for term

Light-tight room used for processing, printing, or editing photographic materials.

Dauber search for term

A tool used to coat, smear, or spread across a surface in a rough or careless manner.

Day-Glo search for term

An especially bright, clean set of colors that contain certain dyes and resins which can be much brighter than conventional colors and have the unique effect of "glowing" under ultraviolet or black light. Commonly used for traffic cones, detergent packaging, tennis balls, fishing lures, etc.

DayGlo search for term

An especially bright, clean set of colors that contain certain dyes and resins which can be much brighter than conventional colors and have the unique effect of "glowing" under ultraviolet or black light. Commonly used for traffic cones, detergent packaging, tennis balls, fishing lures, etc.

Dead Flat search for term

Absolutely no gloss or sheen; matte.

Dead Layer search for term

A term used to describe the layer of "dead colors" which will not be seen in the final product as they will be covered by additional layers.

Dead Painting search for term

An underpainting that will be covered for the final product.

Debubblizer search for term

A chemical brushed onto wax models to prevent bubbles from forming.

Deckle search for term

The top frame of a papermaking screen that holds the pulp in place; or a stylized, feathery edge found on handmade and mouldemade papers that results from sheets being torn while wet, or as a result of the natural run-off of wet pulp.

Decorative Paper search for term

A group of stylized, embossed, or otherwise decorated papers that includes papers like brocade paper, paste paper, marbled paper, block-printed paper, and other modern printing papers.

Deep search for term

Refers to what happens when something occurs far beneath the surface; in art, a color is deep when it has a low lightness and a strong saturation.

Deerfoot Stippler search for term

A very soft-haired stippling brush developed by Terry Harrison for use with watercolor. Softer than most stippling brushes, the name "deerfoot" comes from the characteristic deerfoot mark that is left when stippled.

Defined Orientation search for term

The dispersion of a metallic or mica flake with a definite pattern.

Delamination search for term

When a finish peels due to improper adhesion.

Denatured Alcohol search for term

Ethyl alcohol to which a poisonous substance, such as acetone or methanol, has been added to make it unfit for consumption. Used by artists as a solvent.

Dente di Cane search for term

A type of claw chisel that has six or so fine notches in its carving edge. Italian for "dog's teeth."

Depth search for term

The apparent distance from the front of an object to its back. Sometimes referred to as the thickness.

Depth of Finish search for term

A desireable visual impression which is usually created by viewing a thick film of varnish or enamel of excellent smoothness or evenness.

Design Pen search for term

A pen designed for use in cartooning, manga, illustration, scrapbooks, journals, rubber stamp, and decorative fabric projects that uses archival pigment, is waterproof, and fade and chemical resistant. Designed as an option for layout pens.

Designer Colors search for term

Best-quality gouache paints that are often used in commercial art and sign painting.

Die search for term

A device used for cutting out, stamping, or forming a material into another shape.

Die-Back search for term

The gradual loss of a glossy finish due to continued evaporation of a solvent after polishing.

Diluents search for term

Liquids, such as turpentine, used to dilute oil paint or any other type of liquid. Examples include water for watercolor paints, and matte medium for acrylic paints.

Dilute search for term

To make a liquid thinner or weaker by adding water or another solvent to it.

Dip Coating search for term

A coating technique that involves a simple dip into a bath of the coating substance.

Direct Carving search for term

A carving technique in which the form of the sculpture evolves or is suggested by the shape of the block.

Direct Casting search for term

In lost-wax casting, a technique in which the original model is lost and melted out of the mold.

Direct Painting search for term

Working directly onto the support with little or no drawing or under painting.

Dirt Pick-Up search for term

The tendency of a film to attract dirt or dust that cannot be removed by simple washing.

Dirt Resistance search for term

The ability of a film to resist soiling, other than that from micro-organisms, which would otherwise be deposited or embedded into the dried film.

Dirt Retention search for term

A defect characterized by the tendency of the dry film to retain dirt or dust from the air.

Disc Grinder search for term

A grinder composed of one or two discs which rotate and grind material down.

Dispersion search for term

A mixture of ingredients smoothed out over time and evenly distributed throughout the vehicle.

Dispersion Lacquer search for term

Particles of lacquer paint suspended or dispersed in a solvent which is not strong enough for total solution.

Distemper search for term

A water-soluble paint using egg-yolk or glue as a binder. Used for flat indoor wall decoration.

Distinctness of Image search for term

How clear a finish reflects an image.

Distressed search for term

Distressed material is nicked, scratched, and/or damaged in other ways to show signs of age, use, abuse, or exposure to weather.

Dolly search for term

A low platform on wheels used to move heavy objects.

Dominant search for term

The part of a composition that is emphasized and has the greatest visual weight.

Double Coat search for term

Two coatings of the same material applied one after the other.

Double Loading search for term

A brush that can be loaded with two colors side by side, or the act of loading such a brush with two paints.

Dovetail search for term

A joint formed by one or more tapered projections (tenons) on one piece that interlock with corresponding notches or recesses (mortises) in another.

Dowel search for term

A length of round wood, or the act of inserting such a round length as a peg into a drilled hole in place of another form of adhesion.

Downdraft Booth search for term

A spray cabin in which the air movement is from ceiling to floor.

Drafting Powder search for term

A finely ground white compound that prevents dust, dirt, and smudges from being pressed into the drawing medium.

Dragging search for term

Applying a dry oil paint lightly over a surface, creating an area of dotted, broken color where the paint adheres to the high spots, but not the low.

Drapery search for term

Cloth or a representation of cloth arranged to hang in folds, either on a curtain or a costume.

Drawing Board search for term

A multipurpose board which can be used for any kind of drawing, writing, or impromptu sketching on a large sheet of paper.

Drawing Ink search for term

Usually India ink or a similarly performing ink that is used primarily for drawing, but can also be used for printing or writing.

Drawknife search for term

A metal blade with a wooden handle on both ends. Used to strip wood.

Dressing search for term

To give a final texture to a medium or surface.

Drier search for term

A substance added to oil paints to help speed drying time.

Drill search for term

A tool that bores a hole when revolved either by hand or by motor.

Drip search for term

To let be so wet as to shed small drops of liquid.

Drips search for term

Small drops of liquid.

Drove search for term

A flat chisel with a broad head generally used for rough hewing.

Dry Brush search for term

Applying relatively dry inks or paints lightly over a surface, creating an area of dotted, broken color where the paint adheres to the high spots but not to the low.

Dry Color search for term

Powder-type pigments for mixing with water, alcohol, or mineral spirits and a resin to form a paint or stain.

Dry Dust Free search for term

The stage of drying when particles of dust no longer stick to the surface of the paint film.

Dry Erase search for term

An alternative to blackboards for presentations that uses a white drawing area and water-based ink markers instead of chalk. The glossy surface can be easily wiped off, or erased. Also called a whiteboard.

Dry Fall search for term

A coating which is designed to dry rapidly so that the overspray can be easily removed from the surfaces below.

Dry Rot search for term

Decay from fungi that causes wood to become brittle and crumble to a powder upon touch.

Dry Spray search for term

The process of applying paint in a lighter or less wet application.

Dry Tack Free search for term

The stage of drying when the paint surface no longer feels sticky or tacky when lightly touched.

Dry To Handle search for term

The stage of drying when a paint film has hardened sufficiently so that the object or surface may be safely handled without marring the paint coat.

Dry To Recoat search for term

The stage of drying when another coat may be applied.

Dry To Sand search for term

The stage of drying when a paint film may be safely sanded without clogging the sandpaper.

Dry Wall search for term

A type of board made from plaster, wood pulp, or other material, used especially to form the interior walls of houses.

Dry-Erase search for term

An alternative to blackboard, or chalk boards, for presentations that uses a white drawing area and water-based ink markers instead of chalk. The glossy surface can be easily wiped off, or erased. Also called a whiteboard.

Drying Oil search for term

An oil that hardens to a film after a period of exposure to the air.

Drying Time search for term

The total amount of time it takes for a coating to become dry enough to handle.

Drypoint search for term

A form of intaglio printmaking in which an image is incised into a plate with a sharp pointed needle or diamond point. The lines produced on a drypoint are formed by the characteristic burr being pushed up at the edge of the incised lines which, unlike other forms of printmaking, are left whole, in addition to the incised depressions themselves. These burrs prevent the paper from pushing down into the middle of the stroke, which creates the characteristic feathery black line of drypoint printing.

Drywall search for term

A type of board made from plaster, wood pulp, or other material, used often in the formation of interior walls of houses.

Durability search for term

How well a film weathers and lasts against the elements.

Duster search for term

A light, soft-bristled brush that is designed to quickly remove eraser dust, chalk dust, or dirt from various types of media.

Dye search for term

A colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. Commonly refers to an aqueous solution that is used to change the color of different textiles.

Dyes search for term

Colored soluable substances that impart a more or less permanent color to another material.

Dynamic Range search for term

The number of possible colors or shades of gray that can be included in a particular image.

Décollage search for term

The tearing away of upper layers of a collage or other images which were adhered in layers, so that portions of the underlayers contribute to the final image. The opposite of collage.

Découpage search for term

Similar to collage, decoupage is the art of decorating an object by gluing cutout papers onto it in combination with special paints, gold leaf, or whatever else the artist may desire.