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Glossary beginning with F

Select the first letter of the term you're looking for from above to begin.
Fabric Marker search for term

A marker that is designed specifically for use on fabrics and won't fade when washed in cold water.

Fading search for term

A gradual change of color or gloss in a finish, or the gradual loss of hue, saturation, or luminosity.

Fan search for term

A thin brush with the hairs spread across the ferrule in a fan formation. Used primarily for blending.

Fan Deck search for term

A set of easy-to-view strips with various shades and intensities of the same hue that are usually categorized by color family and bound together at one end.

Fandeck search for term

A set of easy-to-view strips with various shades and intensities of the same hue that are usually categorized by color family and bound together at one end.

Fastener search for term

A device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together.

Fat search for term

A term used to describe paints with a high oil content.

Fat Over Lean search for term

A painting technique in which paints with a high oil content act as the top layer of paint. The underpainting has a lower oil content, or is thinner, so as to lessen the possibility of the paint on top cracking when vapor is released from the fat.

Feather Sanding search for term

Tapering the edge of dried paint film with sandpaper.

Featheredge search for term

A sanding process of tapering a broken paint edge to a smooth finish.

Feathering search for term

In drawing and painting, to feather is to blend an edge so that it fades off or softens. In etching, feathering is to stir or move around the bubbles in the acid with a feather, brush, or pipe cleaner.

Felt-Tip Pen search for term

A substitute for technical pens with a similar range of thicknesses, these pens are made with a porous, pressed fiber, such as felt, and consist of the containter and a core of an absorbent material. These can also sometimes be called a marker pen or marking pen.

Ferrule search for term

The metal or plastic device that aligns and anchors paintbrush bristles or hairs in an adhesive. The ferrule is attached to the handle by crimping or binding wires.

Fettling search for term

The process of cleaning and finishing the surface of a clay or metal work.

Fettling Knife search for term

A knife designed for claywork to fettle unwanted clay from the edges.

Fiber search for term

Thread, yard, or fabric.

Fiberglass search for term

A light, durable material from a plastic resin reinforced with glass fibers.

Figurative search for term

Describes artwork representing the form of a human, animal, or thing. The opposite of non-objective abstract artwork.

Filbert search for term

A flat brush with a domed end. Allows for good coverage and some detail work.

File search for term

A steel tool with a grooved surface used to shape, cut, or smooth by abrasion.

Filigree search for term

A delicate, lacelike structure usually made from a thin wire.

Filler search for term

Inert substance added to paint to increase its bulk and thickness.

Fillers search for term

Inert substances added to paint to increase their bulk and thickness.

Filling Compound search for term

A paste that is spread into a break or indentation and then filed down when hard.

Film search for term

A thin coating or layer of paint, gouache, ink, etc.

Film Build search for term

Amount of thickness produced in an application.

Film Thickness search for term

Depth or thickness of a dry coating.

Findings search for term

Accessories used for completing jewelry such as clasps, hinges, pins, and posts.

Fine search for term

Of high, uncommon, or superior quality, or consisting of small particles not coarse in texture.

Fineness of Grind search for term

An assessment of the degree of dispersion as judged by the presence of coarse particles.

Finish search for term

Something that concludes, completes, or perfects another object, especially the last coating or treatment on a surface; having the final surface texture applied. Also the material used in the process.

Finish Coat search for term

The last coat of a paint or other finish.

Finishes search for term

Something that concludes, completes, or perfects another object, especially the last coating or treatment on a surface; having the final surface texture applied. Also the material used in the process.

Fire Brick search for term

A brick made of clay that withstands high temperatures in a kiln.

Fire Resistance search for term

The ability of a coating to withstand fire or to protect the surface to which it is applied from fire.

Fire Retardant Paint search for term

A type of coating material which, when exposed to heat, is capable of impeding the spread of combustion.

Firing search for term

A process of applying extreme heat to make pottery harden in either an oven or a large ovenlike enclosure called a kiln.

Firing Cracks search for term

Cracks appearing in a cooling material as a result of the different materials that make it up shrinking at different rates.

Fisheye search for term

Round ring-like craters caused by contamination.

Fitch Hair search for term

Similar to weasel hair, but coarser. Brushes made from fitch hair can be a cost-effective alternative to sable brushes.

Fix search for term

To place something in a secure position.

Fixative search for term

A solution sprayed onto drawings to prevent smudging or crumbling off the support.

Flake-Off search for term

Large pieces of paint or undercoat falling off of a substrate.

Flaking search for term

A form of paint failure characterized by the detachment of small or large particles of film from the surface.

Flaming search for term

A process for finishing and hardening a wax model by passing a candle flame over the surface.

Flammable search for term

Easily combustible; easily ignited by a flame or spark.

Flash search for term

The time needed to allow solvents to evaporate from a freshly painted surface before applying another coat or heat; sometimes a term used to describe when an earlier coat or color shows through the topcoat.

Flash Point search for term

The temperature at which a coating or solvent will ignite.

Flash Rusting search for term

The rapid and irreversible formation of rust stains in a water-borne coating material, especially when applied to blast-cleaned ferrous substrates. Will persist throughout the life of the film.

Flask search for term

A container used for making a mold.

Flat search for term

Typically refers to the quality of a smooth, even surface that is lacking in tint, shade, or gloss, but can also refer to a flat tipped brush used for spreading paint quickly and evenly over a surface. Similar to a bright brush, but with longer hairs.

Flat Chisel search for term

A chisel with a straight cutting edge used for finishing and shaping wood or stone.

Flat File search for term

A drawer system which is especially suited for the storage of large, flat objects, such as sheets of paper, drawings, and prints.

Flatting Agent search for term

Material used in paint to dull or eliminate gloss.

Flex Agent search for term

A material that is added to paint for additional flexibility. Usually for rubber or plastic paints.

Flexibility search for term

The ability of a coating to expand and contract during temperature changes.

Flipbook search for term

A small book consisting of a series of pictures that gives the illusion of continual motion or animation.

Floating search for term

Characteristics of some pigments to separate from the binder and migrate to the surface of the paint film while still wet.

Flocculation search for term

Pigment particles suspended in a mill base in the absence of dispersion forces that may combine together to form clusters, or flocculates.

Flourish search for term

To grow luxuriantly. Also a dramatic movement or gesture; in art, an embellishment, especially in handwriting or calligraphy.

Flow search for term

The levelling properties of a wet paint film.

Fluid Acrylic search for term

Soft body acrylics that have a lower viscosity and a better levelling ability than other acrylic paint types. Good for watercolor techniques and airbrush application, or when smooth coverage is desired.

Fluid Acrylics search for term

Soft body acrylics that have a lower viscosity and a better levelling ability than other acrylic paint types. Good for watercolor techniques and airbrush application, or when smooth coverage is desired.

Fluid Tip search for term

Orifice in a spray gun in which the needle is seated.

Fluorescent search for term

An especially bright, clean set of colors that contain certain dyes and resins which can be much brighter than conventional colors and have the unique effect of "glowing" under ultraviolet or black light. Commonly used for traffic cones, detergent packaging, tennis balls, fishing lures, etc.

Flux search for term

A chemical used to deoxidize and clean metal and assist with fusion between metals while welding or brazing. In ceramics, flux causes or promotes the initial melting.

Foamcore search for term

A strong, stiff, and resilient board of polystyrene laminated with paper on both sides.

Focal Point search for term

The portion of an artwork's composition on which interest or attention centers.

Fogcoat search for term

A final atomized coat of paint, usually applied at higher air pressure and at a greater distance than normal.

Foil search for term

A thin, flexible leaf or sheet of metal often used alone or adhered to the surface of other materials.

Fold search for term

To bend over so that one part overlaps another part, moving from an extended to a closed position; the act or an instance of such a bend.

Folio search for term

A book or manuscript of the largest standard size consisting of sheets of paper which have been folded once. Often referred to as a "coffee table book."

Font search for term

In typography, a complete set of characters and spacing of one size of type.

Fontography search for term

The field of font design.

Forced Dry search for term

The process of applying heat to a finish to speed the cure or dry time.

Foreground search for term

The area of the picture that appears to be closest to the viewer.

Foreshortening search for term

Representing an object so that it conveys the illusion of depth.

Form search for term

In its widest sense, form refers to the entire structure of an object. Form also refers to an element of art that illustrates volume. For example, a square is a two-dimensional shape, and a cube is a three-dimensional form.

Fountain Pen search for term

A pen with an ink supply that is contained within the pen using either and an ink cartridge or a refillable ink reservoir.

Foxing search for term

A brownish yellow discoloration of a paper caused by mold eating away at the iron salts present in most paper.

Fractal search for term

A geometric pattern that consists of several smaller scales of the same pattern reproduced over and over.

Frame search for term

Something made to enclose a picture or mirror; an enclosure composed of parts and joined together; the act of making such a product.

Free Carving search for term

Carving without the use of a pointing machine.

Freehand search for term

Hand-drawn without the use of any mechanical device.

Freestanding search for term

An object that is surrounded on all sides by space and needs no help from external sources to hold its own weight.

Freezing Point search for term

The temperature at which a substance solidifies.

French Curve search for term

Any of several flat drafting tools with curved edges and spiralled cutouts. Used to draw curves, especially in mechanical drawing.

Fresco search for term

A painting technique in which pigments are dispersed into plain water and applied to a damp wall that acts as a binder and support.

Frisket search for term

Any material that is designed to protect an area of a work from unintended change.

Frosting search for term

A white crystalline deposit that develops on the surfaces of a coating.

Frottage search for term

A technique where a crayon, graphite, pastel, or chalk stick is rubbed onto a piece of paper which has been placed over another object or image.

Fugitive search for term

Pigment or dye colors that fade when exposed to light.

Full-Scale search for term

Actual or full-size. In the case of an animal or human, this can also be called human-scale, or lifesize.

Fumage search for term

A method of making an image with smoke fumes.

Fumigant search for term

A chemical used to treat an object, objects, or structure for elimination of pests or mold.

Fungicide search for term

An agent that helps prevent the growth of mold or mildew.

Fusain search for term

Fine charcoal in stick form made from the wood of a spindle tree.

Fuse search for term

To melt two or more materials together on a molecular level.