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Glossary beginning with S

Select the first letter of the term you're looking for from above to begin.
S.R.D search for term

Siding, Railing, and Decks; Used to designate a type of exterior stain or paint that is designed to be used on high traffic wood surfaces such as sidings, railings, or decks.

Sabeline search for term

A type of brush with light ox hair that has been dyed to resemble red sable. Has a springiness similar to sable but with an incredibly blunt tip that has difficulties forming a fine point or a fine edge.

Sable search for term

A made up name for various types of weasel whose hair is used for making fine soft brushes, the most important to artists is red sable.

Sag search for term

Excessive amount of coating that fails to adhere uniformly and flows unevenly into a small area.

Sags search for term

Excessive amount of coating that fails to adhere uniformly and flows unevenly into a small area.

Sand search for term

Either a granular, intert material that covers a large portion of the planet, or the act of smoothing or polishing with sandpaper or a mechanical sander.

Sandblast search for term

Abrasive cleanin gof a surface by blowing sand against it at a high velocity.

Sander search for term

A power tool used for smoothing a surface with sandpaper or other abrasive material.

Sanding search for term

Smooth or polish with sandpaper or a mechanical sander.

Sandpaper search for term

A paper with sand or some other form of abrasive stuck to it for the purpose of smoothing or polishing woodwork or other surfaces.

Sanguine search for term

A red-brown chalk drawing medium.

Saponification search for term

The process in which a binder becomes transparent or discolored, usually under moist or alkaline conditions.

Satin search for term

A smooth, glossy fabric, typically of silk, produced by a weave in which the threads of the warp are caught and looped by the weft only at certain invtervals. In painting, typically refers to a finish that is suggestive of the fabric in it's smooth, lustrous appearance and sleek touch.

Saturated search for term

Containing the greatest possible amount of something as possible.

Saturation search for term

A color's purity of hue, it's intensity. A pure hue has the highest saturation level.

Scale search for term

A ratio used in determining the dimensional relationship between a representation to that which it represents, often expressed numerically as two numbers seperated by a colon.

Scaling Up search for term

A mechanical method of copying a small sculpture on a larger scale by increasing all the measurements proportionately using devices such as a scaling board, caliper, or pointing machine.

Score search for term

To make scratches or creases in an object that is to be joined together or cut apart.

Scoring search for term

To make scratches or creases in an object that is to be joined together or cut apart.

Scrapbook search for term

A method of preserving personal and family history in the form of a book, typically includes objects like photographs, printed media, and artwork.

Scraper search for term

Sometimes called a spatula, any tool with a flat blade that is somewhat flexible but mostly rigid and generally used for modeling soft materials such as clay, paint, plaster, and wax.

Scratch Coat search for term

First coat of plaster or stucco that is to be scratched in order for it to correctly form a bond with the next coat of plaster.

Screen search for term

A fine grid or lattice manufactured as a mesh in order to act like a filter or sieve which seperates material of various sizes by allowing smaller particles through and blocking larger particles. In printing, a screen can refer to silkscreen printing, in which a screen supports all the components of a stencil as inks pass throught he screen. Can sometimes refer to the surfacce onto which a picture or film is projected and by extension the face of a monitor which also projects an image.

Screenprint search for term

A stencil process of printmaking in which an image is imposed on a screen of silk or other fine mesh and ink is forced through the mesh onto the printing surface except for specially prepared areas coated with an impermeable substance.

Scribe search for term

A metal tool with a sharp point used to draw fine accurate lines on a rigid material such as metal or plastic.

Script search for term

A highly elongated round used for lettering and writing.

Scrubbability search for term

The ability of a paint film to withstand scrubbing and cleaning with water, soap, and other household cleaning agents.

Scruffing search for term

Applying a dry oil paint lightly over a surface creating an area of dotted, broken color where the paint attached to the high spots but not the low.

Sculpture search for term

A three-dimensional work of art, or the making of such a work, that has been made via a method of carving, modeling, or casting.

Scumble search for term

A painting technique in which a dry coating of paint is dragged over a previously painted surface to leave a broken passage of opaque or translucent color.

Scumbling search for term

A painting technique in which a dry coating of paint is dragged over a previously painted surface to leave a broken passage of opaque or translucent color.

Sea Sponge search for term

The fibrous connective structure of a sea creature that is used to apply and remove paint and not to be confused with the cellulose variety used in household chores.

Seal search for term

To fasten or close securely.

Sealer search for term

Material applied before topcoat to increase color holdout and uniformity of color and adhesion.

Seasoning search for term

The long process of drying out most of the natural moisture in wood to make it stable and workable for carving or construction.

Secco search for term

A technique of wall-painting onto dry plaster or lime plaster that is dampened shortly before application. Italian for "dry".

Secondary Color search for term

Colors obtained by mixing equal amounts of two primary colors.

Seedy search for term

Formation of small, undeseriable particles or granuls in a paint, varnish, or lacquer caused by agglomeration of pigment particles.

Self-Cleaning search for term

A feature of exterior alkyd paints whereby the dry film chalks which then washes down the surface when it rains and any contamination that has been deposited on the paint is carried away alongside the chalk.

Self-Portrait search for term

A portrait an artist makes using him or herself as its subject.

Semi-Gloss search for term

A surface finish that is between gloss and matt.

Semi-Matt search for term

A finish in gilding which is often achieved by giving a polish to the bole or other surface that is to receive the gold leaf.

Separator search for term

A substance applied to the inside sufraces of a mold to prevent the casting from adhering to the mold.

Setting search for term

Most often will refer to a specific place, speed, height, or temperature at which something can be adjusted, in sculpting, it is the hardening process of paint, plaster of Paris, concrete, resin, an adhesive, or any other material which must harden before working with it further.

Settling search for term

The dropping or settling of the solids in a reduced or unreduced paint to the bottom of a paint gun or can.

Sfumato search for term

Gradual, almost imperceptible transitions of color from light ot dark. Italian for "shaded off".

Sgraffito search for term

A technique in which the surface layer is cut away or scratched off in order to reveal the surface beneath. Typically used with strongly contrasting colors or tones.

Shade search for term

Term for color darkened with black or other dark hue.

Shader search for term

A type of flat or angled brush designed specifically for gradations or for shading objects.

Shading search for term

Showing change from light to dark or dark to light in an image by darkening areas that would appear to have shadows in reality and leaving other areas light. Blending of one value to another is sometimes called shading but more accurately referred to as feathering.

Shadow search for term

An area that is not or is only partially illuminated because an opaque object is between the area and the source of light.

Shadow Box search for term

A frame that is deep enough to accommodate a three-dimensional object, deeper than frames needed for two-dimensional works or for three-dimensional ones that are very shallow.

Shape search for term

An enclosed space defined and determined by other art elements such as line, color, value, and texture. May take the form of three-dimensional objects even though they are limited to two-dimensional space.

Shaping search for term

A process in which a stationary object is turned into a sculpted or planed surface.

Sharpener search for term

A device for sharpening pencils or leads.

Sheen search for term

The degree of luster of a dried paint film, how much it glosses.

Sheen Uniformity search for term

The even distribution of luster over the entire surface of an applied finish.

Sheet search for term

A flat piece of cloth, paper, or other material.

Shelf Life search for term

The period of time during which a packaged material may be stored and still remain suitable for use.

Shellac search for term

A yellow resin formed from secretions of the lac insect, used in making varnish.

Shellacs search for term

A yellow resin formed from secretions of the lac insect, used in making varnish.

Shrinkage search for term

Tightening or shrinking of paint film as the solvent evaporates.

Side Loading search for term

A brush that can be loaded with two colors side by side, or the act of loading such a brush with two paints.

Sidedraft Booth search for term

A spray booth in which air movement is from the front side to the back side of the booth.

Silhouette search for term

An outline filled with a solid color, typically black, and most often a portrait.

Silica search for term

A ground sand or ground quartz used as a pigment extender.

Silicate search for term

Material that is composed of a metal, oxygen and silicon, such as sand.

Silicon Carbide search for term

A compound of silicon and carbon which occurs in nature as an extremely rare mineral named moissanite. Silicon carbide powder is commonly used as an abrasive in sandpaper.

Silicone search for term

A resin used in the binders of coatings or as an additive to provide specific properties like defoaming. Paints containing silicone are very slick and resist dirt, graffiti and bacteria as well as having incredible stability in high heat.

Silk search for term

A fine, strong, soft, and lustrous fiber that is produced by silkworms while making cocoons and is collected to make thread and then fabric.

Silking search for term

A coating defect characterized by fine parallel irregularities in a paint film that give the appearance of silk. Usually a special case of floating or flocculation in a finish.

Silkscreen search for term

A stencil process of printmaking in which an image is imposed on a screen of silk or other fine mesh and ink is forced through the mesh onto the printing surface except for specially prepared areas coated with an impermeable substance.

Silverpoint search for term

A drawing method using a metal piece drawn on a ground prepared with China white.

Sinking In search for term

The effect of having your paint medium absorbed by the underlying layer of paint, either due to a too absorbent or by an unevenly applied absorbent ground.

Sinopia search for term

A red-brown chalk used for marking-outfrescoes; also the preliminary drawing itself.

Size search for term

Typically refers to the physical dimensions an objects takes up in space, but can also refer to a specific painting material applied to a surface as a penetrating sealer, to alter or lessen its absorbency and reduce bleeding and migration, or the act of applying such a substance, or finally it can refer to one of the perspective tools an artist can use to create an illusion of depth.

Sizing search for term

Treatment of a fabric or other surface with size.

Sizings search for term

A material applied to a surface as a penetrating sealer, to alter or lessen its absorbency and reduce bleeding and migration.

Sketch search for term

A preliminary drawing of a composition.

Skim Coat search for term

A texturing technique used to smooth out a textured drywall, either to cover up a mistake, or for stylistic purposes.

Skin search for term

Tough covering that forms on paints if container is not tightly sealed.

Skyscraper search for term

A flat brush used for broad washes as well as thin lines.

Sliding Bevel search for term

An instrument which is formed by two rules joined as adjustable arms to measure or draw angles of any size.

Smear search for term

A mark or streak of a greasy or sticky substance, often by mistake.

Smears search for term

A mark or streak of a greasy or sticky substance, often by mistake.

Smock search for term

A loose, shirtlike garment which protects the clothes of an artist and usually hangs just below the waist. An alternative to aprons.

Smudge search for term

A blurred or smeared mark on the surface of something.

Smudging search for term

To cause something to become messily smeared or rubbed into the surface of another object.

Soft Edge search for term

Allowing the value or color of an edge to blend or blur into nearby areas without definite lines of separation.

Solder search for term

A method of joining pieces of metal by melting an alloy into the joint to fuse the edges together.

Soluble search for term

Able to be dissolved.

Solute search for term

The material dissolved inside of another solution.

Solvent search for term

A liquid substance which is able to dissolve another substance, either for cleaning, thinning, mixing, or another step in the art process. Take special care when using solvents as most are toxic, volatile, and/or flammable. Ensure careful reading of all labels and materials.

Solvent Cleaner search for term

Solvent-based cleaning material used to remove contamination from surfaces prior to refinishing.

Solvent Evaporation search for term

The act whereby a solvent dissipates into the air in a vapor form.

Solvent Pop search for term

Blisters in the surface of a film caused by trapped solvent.

Solvents search for term

A liquid substance which is able to dissolve another substance, either for cleaning, thinning, mixing, or another step in the art process. Take special care when using solvents as most are toxic, volatile, and/or flammable. Ensure careful reading of all labels and materials.

Source Reduction search for term

Steps taken to reduce waste generation and toxicity at the source through more effective utilization of raw materials.

Spackle search for term

A compound that is used to fill cracks in plaster and produce a smooth surface.

Spackling search for term

A compound that is used to fill cracks in plaster and produce a smooth surface.

Spar Varnish search for term

A very durable varnish designed for exterior surfaces.

Spatter search for term

Small particles or drips of liquid paint thrown or expelled when applying paint.

Spatula search for term

Sometimes called a scraper, any tool with a flat blade that is somewhat flexible but mostly rigid and generally used for modeling soft materials such as clay, paint, plaster, and wax.

Specular Gloss search for term

Mirror-like finish.

Split Complementary search for term

One color plus the two colors that are on either side of its complement on the color wheel.

Splitting search for term

The breaking open of an undercoat or topcoat into long cracks resembling the look of a dry river bottom.

Sponge search for term

A tool or cleaning aid consisting of a porous material that is especially good at absorbing water, or other liquids.

Sponging search for term

The use of a sponge, dipped in colored glaze, to apply decorative finishes on a solid base coat.

Spotter search for term

Round brushes with just a few short bristles commonly used in spotting photographic prints.

Spotting search for term

Circular, oblong, or irregular spots or discoloration on areas of finish caused by reactive chemicals and air pollution.

Spray Booth search for term

An enclosed or semi-enclosed area used for the spray painting of fabricated items and may be equipped with a source of filtered air to keep the atmostphere dust-free, a waterfall backdrop to trap overspray, and an exhaust system to vent the fumes of the evaporating solvents.

Spray Head search for term

Combination of needle, tip, and air cap.

Spray Paint search for term

A type of paint that comes in a sealed, pressurized container and is released in a fine spray mist when depressing a valve button.

Spray Pattern search for term

The overall term for the qualities of spraypaint as it flows from the tip. Adjustable sizes can include a very small round, a wide, a flat, oval shapes, and more.

Spraying search for term

A method of application in which the coating material is broken up into a fine mist that is directed onto the surface to be coated.

Spreading Rate search for term

The area to which paint can be spread, usually expressed as square feet per gallon.

Sprue search for term

In lost-wax casting, a channel through which molten metal can enter the mold and air and gas can escape.

Squaring up search for term

A method for transferring an image to a larger or smaller format by creating a grid system that is then used to compare the two images.

Squeegee search for term

A tool with a flat, smooth rubber blade that is used to remove or control the flow of a liquid on a flat surface.

Squirrel Hair search for term

A short, thin hair with a pointed tip and uniform body that forms an exceptionally fine point when wet but has almost no spring. Ideal for watercolor washes, lettering, and the application of paints when an exceptionally smooth finish is ideal.

SRD search for term

Siding, Railing, and Decks; Used to designate a type of exterior stain or paint that is designed to be used on high traffic wood surfaces such as sidings, railings, or decks.

Stabilizer search for term

Special resin-containing solvent used in basecoat color to lower viscosity helping in metallic control and recoat times.

Stack Tray search for term

An open shelf system with each shelf esecially suited for the storage of large, flat objects such as sheets of paper, drawings, and prints.

Stain search for term

A stain is a substance which can color a material usually in a translucent manner; or the act of such a coloring; or the result of such a coloring.

Stained Glass search for term

The art of cutting colored glass into different shapes and fitting them into channeled lead strips known as came. These are then soldered together and usually installed in a wall to create a window.

Stains search for term

A stain is a substance which can color a material usually in a translucent manner; or the act of such a coloring; or the result of such a coloring.

Stamp search for term

A device, usually rubber, with a discernable relief etched or carved into it that is used to apply inked markings to various objects.

Stamp Pad search for term

In a traditional stamp, the pad is a separate container from the stamp and is the tray that contains a soft absorbent material that is loaded with ink and used to ink up the stamp.

Staple search for term

A staple is a U-shaped metal form that can be driven into a surface with a hammer or a more specialized device like a stapler or a staplegun.

Stapler search for term

A mechanical device that joins sheets of paper or similar material by driving a thin metal object through the sheets and folding the ends towards each other.

Staples search for term

A two-pronged fastener that is most often metal and used to join materials together by being pressed through a material, and folded back together on the opposite side.

Stationery search for term

Historically refers to a wide gamut of materials such as paper and office supplies, writing implements, greeting cards, glue, pencil cases, and other similar items.

Statue search for term

A three-dimensional work of art, or the making of such a work, that has been made via a method of carving, modeling, or casting.

Stencil search for term

Stiff paper or other sheet material with a design cut into it as a template meant to be copied, inked, or painted over and through the openings of the design to produce a print on any flat surface that lay beneath it.

Stencil Brush search for term

A round brush with a flat top used on stencils to ensure the bristles don't get underneathe.

Stick Charcoal search for term

A charcoal powder mixed with a gum binder and compressed into round or square sticks.

Stipple search for term

A drawing, painting, or engraving method employing dots rather than lines.

Stippler search for term

A short, stubby round brush used for adding stipples to an artwork.

Stomp search for term

A kind of pencil consisting of a tight roll of paper, leather, cotton, rubber, or any other soft material used for rubbing down hard lines in pencil, crayon, or pastel works, and for blending the lines of a shading.

Stoneware search for term

A buff, gray, or brown clay mixed with other clays and materials to make a heavy, opaque, and highly plastic clay body that is fired at high temperatures.

Strainer search for term

A device with holes punched in it or made of crossed wires that is designed for seperating solid matter from a liquid, or a wooden chassis for textile supports that has rigid, immovable corners.

Streaking search for term

The irregular occurrence of lines or streaks of various lengths and colors in an applied film.

Stress search for term

The importance, significance, or emphasis placed on something, or to place importance upon something. Or to apply force or a system of forces to deform an object.

Stretcher Bar search for term

A wooden chassis for textile supports that has expandable corners.

Stretcher Bars search for term

A wooden chassis for textile supports that has expandable corners.

Stretching search for term

The process of mounting watercolor paper to a board or support prior to painting, or the stretching of a fabric textile across supports in order to make a canvas.

Strie search for term

A painting technique that creates soft thin streaks of color often used to simulate fabrics.

Strip search for term

The act of removing old finishes or coats of paint.

Structure search for term

Something made up of a number of components that are put together in a particular way.

Stucco search for term

The finest and whitest type of plaster used for modeling and molding and made from lime, often marble, and other ingredients which may include wax and milk.

Stump search for term

A kind of pencil consisting of a tight roll of paper, leather, cotton, rubber, or any other soft material used for rubbing down hard lines in pencil, crayon, or pastel works, and for blending the lines of a shading.

Stumps search for term

A kind of pencil consisting of a tight roll of paper, leather, cotton, rubber, or any other soft material used for rubbing down hard lines in pencil, crayon, or pastel works, and for blending the lines of a shading.

Stylus search for term

A pointed instrument used to engrave into a softer surface; in more modern terminology, a soft plastic instrument used for a more precise form of control with a touch device.

Styrene search for term

A derivative of benzene that evaporates easily and has a sweeter smell.

Substrate search for term

Any surface to which a coating is applied.

Subtractive Color search for term

Color resulting from the absorption of light, or the removal of one or more colors.

Sumi search for term

In Japanese art, a painting done in monochromatic ink.

Sumi-e search for term

In Japanese art, a painting done in monochromatic ink.

Sunfast search for term

A color that is resistant to external agents such as light, acids, and alkalis and doesn't fade over long exposure to the daylight.

Support search for term

The material upon which an artist applies color, collage, etc.

Surface search for term

The outermost layer of an object.

Surface Tension search for term

The property of a coating that makes it tend to shrink when applied.

Swatch search for term

A manufacturer's sample of a range of cloths, fabrics, paper, or other material.

Sweat-In Time search for term

For multi-component products this is the period of time which must elapse after the components are mixed and before the coating can be applied.

Sweating search for term

Exuding an oil matter from a coating after it has already dried, or the development of gloss on a dull or matte finish.

Switch Plate search for term

Metal or plastic cover plates that protect light switches and plug openings.

Sword search for term

A type of pinstriping brush in which the longest hairs are at the top and the hairs on the bottom taper to a shorter length.

Symmetry search for term

When one side of a composition perfectly reflects the design of the other side.

Synthetic Hair search for term

Man-made fibers, usually nylon, which can be tapered, flagged, etched, tiped, or otherwise roughened in order to increase their water bearing capacity. They are sometimes considered best for acrylics because of their ability to withstand their abrasiveness with less damage.