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Glossary beginning with T

Select the first letter of the term you're looking for from above to begin.
T-Square search for term

A technical drawing instrument used by draftsmen primarily as a guide for drawing horizontal lines on a drafting table.

Taboret search for term

A small, portable stand or cabinet with drawers and shelves for storage that is commonly used by artists as a portable cabinet.

Tack search for term

A short nail or pin used to fasten items to a wall or board for display and intended to be inserted by hand, generally without the assistance of tools.

Tack Cloth search for term

A piece of cheese cloth or other lint-free cloth treated with turpentine and a small amount of varnish to produce a tacky surface that picks up and holds dust and lint.

Tack Coat search for term

The first light coat of paint that is allowed to set and become sticky before additional coats are applied.

Tack Free search for term

Time in the drying of a paint film where it Is not sticky but not yet completely cured.

Tack Rag search for term

A sticky cheese cloth used to remove dust before painting.

Tacky search for term

The stage of drying when the paint is sticky, in between wet and dry.

Taklon search for term

The common name for a synthetic fiber used in paintbrushes, make-up brushes, and pin striping brushes. Smooth, soft, and somewhat fragile, it was originally designed to mimic the characteristics of sable but is often considered to have too much spring. Commonly divided into two varients, white and gold, with the white being considered the most pure form with a higher ability to retain water..

Tannin search for term

A yellowish or brownish bitter-tasting organic substance present in some galls, barks, an other plant tissues that can be use in leather production and ink manufacture but is most commonly the culprit of "tannin bleed" or "tannin staining" which is a tan or brownish discoloration on a paint surface and is more noticeable on lighter paint colors.

Tape search for term

One of many varieties of backing materials in a ribbon form that is coated with an adhesive.

Taper search for term

To diminish or reduce or cause to diminish or reduce in thickness towards one end.

Tapered search for term

To diminish or reduce or cause to diminish or reduce in thickness towards one end.

Tapestry search for term

A textile in which a colorful design or scene is set, usually exhibited as wall hangings.

Technical Pen search for term

A specialized pen used by engineers, architects, and draftspeople to make lines of a constant width for architectural, engineering, or technical drawings.

Technique search for term

Any method of working with art materials to produce an art object.

Temepered search for term

To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending, admixing, or kneading. Also to harden or strengthen metal or glass by applying heat, or by heating and then cooling.

Temper search for term

To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending, admixing, or kneading. Also to harden or strengthen metal or glass by applying heat, or by heating and then cooling.

Tempera search for term

Technique of painting in which water and egg yolk or whole egg and oil form the binder for the paint, also used as a term for cheap opaque paints used in schools.

Temperature search for term

The intensity of heat or colors as measured in Fahrenheit, Centigrade, Celsius, or Kelvin. Warm colors are usually purples, reds, oranges, and yellows, and cool colors are usually blues and greens though there are hues that are examples of boths such as a warm ocean blue or a cool midnight purple.

Temperature Key search for term

The relative level of a color's temperature, whether referencing an individual color or a color scheme. The warmer the colors, the higher the key, the cooler the colors, the lower the temperature key.

Tempered search for term

To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending, admixing, or kneading. Also to harden or strengthen metal or glass by applying heat, or by heating and then cooling.

Template search for term

A pattern used as a guide in making a form with accuracy.

Terra Cotta search for term

A reddish-brown clay that can be used and fired like most other clays. Used often in pottery, sulpture, and architectural decoration.

Tertiary Color search for term

Colors produced by mixing uneven amounts of primary colors. Intermediate colors are located between primary and secondary colors on a color wheel.

Tessellation search for term

A collection of shapes that fit together to cover a surface without overlapping or leaving gaps.

Text search for term

The main body of words in a book, magazine, pamphlet, or other printed or electronic publication, or in any work of art.

Textile search for term

A cloth, usually made by weaving or knitting fiber or yarn; a fabric.

Textile Paint search for term

A paint that is designed specifically for use on fabrics and won't fade when washing in cold water.

Texture search for term

The surface quality, or "feel", of an object, it's smoothness, roughness, firmness, etc.

Texture Paint search for term

Paint that can be manipulated by brush, roller, trowel, or other tool to produce various textural effects.

Thermoplastic Paint search for term

Material which with the addition of heat becomes soft and pliable and returns to solid when cooled.

Thermosetting Paint search for term

Type of paint that becomes hard when heated and thereafter is cured.

Thinner search for term

A solvent used to thin oil-based paints or clean up after their use.

Thinners search for term

A solvent used to thin oil-based paints or clean up after their use.

Thixotropic search for term

Materials that are thick and viscous while at rest but flow when brushed or shaken.

Three Dimensional search for term

Having or appearing to have all three dimensions, height, width, and depth.

Three-Quarter View search for term

A view of a face or any other subject which is half-way between a full and a profile view.

Three-Stage System search for term

A three-step paint procedure that involves a highly pigmented color coat first, then an intermediate coat is applied using a transparent mica, and then finally a final clearcoat for gloss protection and durability is applied last.

Throwing search for term

In pottery, throwing means to make a pot from a piece of clay on a potter's wheel.

Tile search for term

A manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, or even glass and generally used for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or other objects such as tabletops.

Tint search for term

Term for color lightened with white.

Tinting Strength search for term

The ability of a paint or pigment to color.

Tissue Paper search for term

A type of paper which is very thin, fairly strong, and available in multiple colors. Especially useful for collages because of its translucent nature and because it adheres easily to various supports with diluted glues and adhesives.

Titanium Dioxide search for term

White pigment in virtually all white paints, also the prime hiding pigment in most paints.

Tole search for term

Decorative painting on objects, traditional in several cultures including American.

Toluene search for term

A liquid used as a solvent and as a thinner for certain inks, paints, lacquers, resins, cleaners, and adhesives with a Benzene-like smell. Toluene is very hazardous because both liquid and vapor forms are toxic and flammable. Ensure careful reading of all provided safety materials and use in a well ventilated area. DO NOT DISPOSE OF IN WATER.

Tonal Key search for term

Characteristics of Color Scheme that convey moods and aesthetic effects.

Tone search for term

A quality of a color that arises from its saturation, intensity, luminosity, and temperature. To tone down is to make a color less vivid, harsh, or violent, to moderate it.

Toner search for term

An unlaked dye that can bleed or migrate through dried paint films.

Toners search for term

An unlaked dye that can bleed or migrate through dried paint films, or something that can subtly "tone" another color.

Tooth search for term

Small grained but even texture. Tooth provides for the attachment of succeeding layers of paint.

Toothy search for term

Small grained but even texture. Tooth provides for the attachment of succeeding layers of paint.

Top-Coat search for term

The pigmented color portion of the painting process; or alternatively, the entirely clear coat that is designed to provide a gloss or matte surface.

Toray search for term

Toray is a synthetic carbon fiber and the golden is softer than the white.

Torchon search for term

A kind of pencil consisting of a tight roll of paper, leather, cotton, rubber, or any other soft material used for rubbing down hard lines in pencil, crayon, or pastel works, and for blending the lines of a shading.

Tortillions search for term

A kind of pencil consisting of a tight roll of paper, leather, cotton, rubber, or any other soft material used for rubbing down hard lines in pencil, crayon, or pastel works, and for blending the lines of a shading.

Tortillon search for term

A kind of pencil consisting of a tight roll of paper, leather, cotton, rubber, or any other soft material used for rubbing down hard lines in pencil, crayon, or pastel works, and for blending the lines of a shading.

Tote search for term

A large and often unfastened bag with parallel handles that emerge from the sides of its pouch.

Touch-Up search for term

A spot repaired film of paint or to spot repair paint without showing color or sheen differences.

Toxic search for term

Capable of causing injury or death; poisonous.

Tracing Paper search for term

A translucent paper used to make a drawing by referring to an image that is visible underneath it.

Traction search for term

In oils, the movement of one paint layer over another.

Tragacanth search for term

A gum that is used as a binding agent in watercolor paints an pastels.

Transfer Paper search for term

A type of paper used in textiles and crafts projects that can transfer an image onto clothing, canvas, or other surfaces by using a heat press.

Translucent search for term

Incomplete opacity. Something which has the quality of allowing light to partially seep through.

Transparencies search for term

An image, text, or positive transparent photograph printed on transparent plastic or glass and designed to be viewed on a projector.

Transparency search for term

A complete lack of opacity. Something which allows all light through it with no resistance.

Transparent search for term

A complete lack of opacity. Something which allows all light through it with no resistance.

Triadic Colors search for term

Three colors that are equally spaced on the color wheel such as red, yellow and blue, or orange, green, and violet.

Triangle search for term

An object used in engineering and technical drawing with the aim of providing a straight edge at a right angle, or other particular planar angle to a baseline.

Triple Roller search for term

A type of mill used to disperse pigments by passing between accurately machined steel or granite rollers which can be precisely controlled and may move at different relative speeds.

Trituration search for term

Reduction of a material to a fine smooth paste or powder.

Trompe L'oeil search for term

A painting with extreme naturalistic details which aims to persuade the viewer that they are looking at an actual object and not a representation. French for "deceive the eye".

Tube Roll-Up search for term

A storage container with various pockets in it that is designed to hold various watercolor, oil, or acrylic paint tubes and can be made of any textile or fiber the bends and rolls up such as bamboo.

Tube Wringer search for term

A device designed to squeeze the last drop of any product packaged inside of a tube.

Tung Oil search for term

A drying oil sometimes used for finishing fine wood surfaces.

Turbidity search for term

A cloudiness in transparent coating caused by finely suspended matter.

Turning search for term

A pottery technique by which the base of a pot is trimmed and finished on the potter's wheel.

Turpentine search for term

A high quality oil paint thinner and solvent produced by distilling into a volatile pungent oil the resin secreted by any of several types of coniferous trees, the highest grade usually called pure gum spirit of turpentine and the lowest quality being wood turpentine. Not flammable, and a low hazard of toxicity by skin absorbtion, inhalation, or ingestion.

Tusche search for term

A black liquid used with a brush or pen to paint a design.

Two-Component search for term

A paint material which must have an additional catalyst or hardener to react.

Typeface search for term

A full set of letterforms, numerals, punctuations, and other type unified by a consistent visual quality.

Typography search for term

The design, arrangement, style, and appearance of type matter.