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Glossary beginning with V

Select the first letter of the term you're looking for from above to begin.
V.O.C. search for term

Organic chemicals and petrochemicals that emit vapors while evaporating. In paint, VOC generally refers to the solvent portion of the paint which, when it evaporates, results in the formation of paint film on the substrate to which it was applied. Some states and counties have regulations on the amount of VOC that can be contained within a particular line of paint, these amounts are usually expressed in terms of parts per million (ppm), or as grams per liter (g/L).

Vacuum Forming search for term

A method of shaping a flat plastic sheet over a solid relief pattern, the male or positive mold. The plastic is heated until soft and then a vacuum is created under the mold which pulls the heated and softened plastic down and into the shape of the mold.

Value Key search for term

The relative level of a color's value, whether an individual color or an entire color scheme, the lighter the value the higher and more cheerful the value key, and the darker the value, the lower and more somber the value key.

Vanishing Point search for term

A position on a horizon where lines or rays between near and distant places appear to converge. Artists sometimes use multiple vanishing points in order to create the illusion of depth in an image.

Vapor Barrier search for term

A layer which prevents the passage of water into a material or structure.

Variegated search for term

Marked with patches, spots, or streaks of different colors.

Varnish search for term

Generally a more or less transparent film-forming liquid that dries into a solid film used to protect finished work from UV light and other elements.

Varnishes search for term

Generally a more or less transparent film-forming liquid that dries into a solid film used to protect finished work from UV light and other elements.

Veduta search for term

An accurate representation of an urban landscape. Italian for "view".

Vehicle search for term

The entire liquid contents of a paint.

Velatura search for term

A glaze applied with an opaque paint and a method of adjusting colors by applying semi-opaque or opaque layers of paint over an area of dry paint. Somewhere in between a scumble and a glaze.

Velcro search for term

A sort of fabric adhesive trademark consisting of two pieces of fabric, one with a dense layer of hooks and the other with a dense layer of loops. Generic names for which include "touch fasteners" and "hook and loop fasteners".

Vellum search for term

A paper surface that is finely textured and is used primarily to designate a specific type of heavy weight, translucent drawing or drafting paper.

Veneer search for term

A thin slice of a material, often a rare and expensive one, applied to a surface of a humbler material so as to hide the less expensive variety and allow the faux exterior to appear as if it were the main building material.

Venice Turpentine search for term

An oily resin derived from the larch and used primarily in making mediums and diluents for oil painting.

Verdaccio search for term

A painting technique in which the underpainting is executed entirely in shades of green.

Verdaille search for term

A painting technique in which the painting is executed entirely in shades of green.

Vertical search for term

The direction going straight up and down, the opposite of horizontal.

Vibration search for term

Placing two colors of maximum color intensity and equal value side by side to create a strong visual effect, whereby the borders of the two color seem to vibrate or "buzz".

Viewfinder search for term

A small window cut in a piece of paper or card that shows what will be in a picture's composition, or a window through a camera which shows an approximation of a picture the camera would photograph, sometimes misaligned by a few centimeters from the lens the viewfinder might have an entirely different image than the lens, Single Lens Reflector cameras (SLR or Digital SLR's) are created to avoid this problem by ensuring that the image inside the viewfinder is the same image that is seen in the lens of the camera itself.

Vignette search for term

A decorative design placed at breaks in an article, at the beginning or end of a book, or along the border of a page. Sometimes its an unbordered picture, often a protrait with edges that fade off or blur into the surrounding area.

Vine Charcoal search for term

Charcoal made from grape vines that are cut into various sizes and then charred. Vine charcoal is more gray than black when compared to compressed charcoal.

Viscosity search for term

The relative resistance of a liquid to stirring or movement. The thicker it is, the higher its viscosity, the thinner it is, the lower the viscosity.

Vitrification search for term

The process whereby materails turn into glass or a glass-like substance through inordinante amounts of heat and heat fusion. This is the action whereby ceramic clay and glazes form inside of a kiln.

VOC search for term

Organic chemicals and petrochemicals that emit vapors while evaporating. In paint, VOC generally refers to the solvent portion of the paint which, when it evaporates, results in the formation of paint film on the substrate to which it was applied. Some states and counties have regulations on the amount of VOC that can be contained within a particular line of paint, these amounts are usually expressed in terms of parts per million (ppm), or as grams per liter (g/L).

VOCs search for term

Volatile Organic Chemicals and petrochemicals that emit vapors while evaporating. In paint, VOC generally refers to the solvent portion of the paint which, when it evaporates, results in the formation of paint film on the substrate to which it was applied. Some states and counties have regulations on the amount of VOC that can be contained within a particular line of paint, these amounts are usually expressed in terms of parts per million (ppm), or as grams per liter (g/L).

Volatile search for term

Evaporating rapidly or easily, or capable of becoming violent at quick speeds.

Volatile Organic Compounds search for term

Organic chemicals and petrochemicals that emit vapors while evaporating. In paint, VOC generally refers to the solvent portion of the paint which, when it evaporates, results in the formation of paint film on the substrate to which it was applied. Some states and counties have regulations on the amount of VOC that can be contained within a particular line of paint, these amounts are usually expressed in terms of parts per million (ppm), or as grams per liter (g/L).

Volume search for term

The space that an object or figure fills in a drawing or painting, or the overall amount of space it fills.